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Gold Facts:

  • Gold Bullion is so rare that all the gold ever mined could fit into a gold cube measuring just 20 metres (66 ft) on each side.
  • Alternately, it is claimed, that all the gold that has been mined thorughout the history of mankind could be incorporated in a solid gold ball with a diameter of 27 metres.
  • 75% of all gold ever produced has been extracted since 1910.
  • The largest gold nugget ever found weighed 195 pounds. The huge gold nugget was found in 1854 at Carson Hill near the Stanislaus River in California. At the time the gold nugget was found it was valued at $43,534.
  • The chemical symbol for gold is Au, which is the first two letters of the Latin word aurum, which means 'shining dawn'.
  • Gold gets its name from the Old English word for yellow, 'geolu'.
  • Gold is the only metal that does not oxidise, tarnish or "rust" in air at normal temperatures. Gold is the most non-reactive of all metals.
  • Gold and Copper are the only two non-white coloured metals.
  • Periodic Table information for Gold:

    Symbol for Gold = Au
    Atomic Number for Gold = 79
    Atomic Weight of Gold = 196.96
    Melting Point of Gold = 1337.33 degrees Kelvin
    Melting point of Gold = 2,063 degrees Fahrenheit
    Specific gravity of Gold is 19.32
    Tensile strength of Gold = 19,000psi
    Hardness of Gold = 2.75 on Mohs scale
    Gold is one of the "Transition Metals".
  • The Specific Gravity of gold is 19.3, which means that gold is 19.3 times heavier than water. This is the reason gold accumalates at the bottom of the gold pan when panning for gold.
  • One cubic foot of gold weighs about 1,206 lbs.
  • 1 oz of pure gold could be drawn into a gold wire 0.000005 inch thick and 62 miles long.
  • Gold is the most ductile and malleable of all metals.
  • Gold is a very good conductor of electricity and heat.
  • Gold Leaf: Gold can be hammered into gold leaf so thin that light can pass though the gold.
  • Gold Leaf: Gold can be hammered into gold leaf so thin that a pile of the gold leaf sheets an inch high would contain more than 200,000 separate sheets of gold.
  • Gold in the sea: The earth's oceans hold an estimated 9 billion metric tons of gold dissolved in their waters.
  • Gold in the sea: Every cubic mile of sea water contains 25 tons of gold.
  • Developing countries accounted for 72% of global output of gold in 2004.
  • Gold is the most important export for Mali, Tanzania, Ghana, Guyana, Kyrgyzstan, Papua New Guinea, South Africa and Peru.
  • South Africa produces more gold than any other country in the world.
  • Of the 193,000 metric tons of gold discovered to date, 62% has been found in just four countries on earth.
  • Americans purchase more American Eagle Gold Bullion Coins than any other gold coin.
  • The largest market for Gold Jewellery in the world is India. In 2004 India accounted for 20% of the total global market for gold jewellery.
  • Purity of gold or "fineness" is designated by karatage (K); 24 karat gold is pure gold.
  • Gold Jewelry that is marked 10K contains less than 50% of pure gold. 10K (10 karat) gold jewellery consists of 10 parts gold, and 14 parts other metals.
  • 12 karat gold is 50% gold and 50% alloyed metal.
  • Central Banks hold 9% of their total reserve value in Gold.
  • Largest gold mine: The largest gold mine in the United States of America is in South Dakota, the Homestake Mining Company in Lead.
  • Fool's Gold can be one of three minerals; the most common mineral mistaken for gold is pyrite, chalcopyrite may also appear gold-like, and weathered biotite mica can mimic flake gold.

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